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After yearsout of print, this new and redesigned book brings back the best and most complete history of the Women's Army Corps. Loaded with history, tables, charts, statistics, photos, personalities, and many useful appendices (including a history of WAC uniforms), The Women's Army Corps, 1945-1978 is must reading for anyone who served those years in the Army as well as for those who want a complete history of the modern-day military. Author Bettie Morden served from 1942-1972 and she used her experience and access to people and records to compile the definitive reference work. Col. Morden is a graduate of the WAC Officers' Advanced Course (1962); Command and General Staff College (1964); and the Army Management School (1965). She has been awarded the Distinguished Service Medal, the Legion of Merit, the Joint Service Commendation Medal, and the Army Commendation Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster.
The Women's Army Corps makes a significant contribution to women's history and the history of the Army. Bettie J. Morden weaves the ideas and moral attitudes that existed in the middle decades of the twentieth century to chronicle thirty-three years of WAC history from V-J Day 1945 to 20 October 1978, when the Women's Army Corps was abolished by Public Law 95-584 and discontinued by Department of the Army General Order 20, with the WAC officers assimilated into the other branches of the Army (except the combat arms). For the most part taking a chronological approach, Morden focuses on the interaction of plans, decisions, and personalities that affected the WAC directors as they pushed and prodded the Army, the Department of Defense, and Congress to achieve Regular Army and Reserve status, military credit for Women's Army Auxiliary Corps service, and promotion above the grade of lieutenant colonel. The early WAC directors, according to Morden, had the task of fighting for progress and equity, whereas their successors fought a losing battle to keep entry standards high and to retain the corps' separate status. She provides readers with a comprehensive picture of WAC growth and development and the transformation in the status of Army women brought by the advent of the all-volunteer Army and the women's rights movement of the seventies.
Die etwa 150.000 Frauen, die im Zweiten Weltkrieg im Women's Army Corps Dienst taten, waren die ersten regularen Soldatinnen der US-Armee. Um mannliche Soldaten fur den Kampf freizusetzen, arbeiteten sie auch in traditionellen Mannerbereichen, etwa als Mechanikerinnen oder Pilotinnen in den USA, Afrika, Europa und Sudostasien. Die Autorin geht den Erfahrungen dieser Frauen nach, den militarischen und zivilen Diskursen uber Soldatinnen im Militar und dem Umgang der Armee mit soldatischer Weiblichkeit und weiblicher Sexualitat. Anhand von Regierungsdokumenten, Kriegsgerichtsprozessen, aber auch Selbstzeugnissen, Gedichten und Songs zeigt M. Michaela Hampf, wie umkampft die Konstruktion der Soldatin im Amerika der vierziger Jahre war und bis heute ist.