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The Maritain Factor

The Maritain Factor PDF Author: Rajesh Heynickx
Publisher: Leuven University Press
ISBN: 9058677141
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 211

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Book Description
During the 1920's and 1930's many European modernist artists and intellectuals were seeking a primordial finality in Catholicism. In order to distil the eternal from the transitory, they became fascinated by a thought frame promoted by the French philosopher Jacques Maritain: neo-Thomism, a revival of the study of the principles and methodology of the thirteenth-century theologian "Chomas Aquinas. The French poet and surrealist filmmaker Jean Cocteau converted to Catholicism under the influence of Maritain. For the painters Gino Severini, a pioneer of futurism, and Otto van Rees, one of the first Dadaists, Maritain played the role of spiritual counsellor. And when the promoter of abstract art Michel Seuphor embraced Catholic faith in the 1930's, he too had extensive contact with Maritain. For all of them, the dictum of the Irish poet Brian Coffey, once a doctoral student under Maritain, applied: modern art needs a Thomistic conceptual framework. However, the contributions in The Maritain Factor show that Maritain's theories also provoked some irritation, and not just admiration. Walter Benjamin, for example, could only look at Maritain as a charlatan who was out to place modern art under the bell-jar of Catholicism. Studies on interwar modernist aesthetics have been insensitive to traditional reference frames for too long. The Maritain Factor argues that we should not restrict our gaze to a rigid opposition between modern developments and long-established, inherited ways of thinking. II is necessary to extend our horizon to the adaptability within modernism. Moreover, by studying the reception and perception of Maritain this volume demonstrates that Catholic thought was not just one aspect of the manifold varieties of discourses and practices that modernism consisted of. It often offered a basis to 'organise' or 'structure' this multiplicity and thus constituted interwar modernism in many ways.

The Maritain Factor

The Maritain Factor PDF Author: Rajesh Heynickx
Publisher: Leuven University Press
ISBN: 9058677141
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 211

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Book Description
During the 1920's and 1930's many European modernist artists and intellectuals were seeking a primordial finality in Catholicism. In order to distil the eternal from the transitory, they became fascinated by a thought frame promoted by the French philosopher Jacques Maritain: neo-Thomism, a revival of the study of the principles and methodology of the thirteenth-century theologian "Chomas Aquinas. The French poet and surrealist filmmaker Jean Cocteau converted to Catholicism under the influence of Maritain. For the painters Gino Severini, a pioneer of futurism, and Otto van Rees, one of the first Dadaists, Maritain played the role of spiritual counsellor. And when the promoter of abstract art Michel Seuphor embraced Catholic faith in the 1930's, he too had extensive contact with Maritain. For all of them, the dictum of the Irish poet Brian Coffey, once a doctoral student under Maritain, applied: modern art needs a Thomistic conceptual framework. However, the contributions in The Maritain Factor show that Maritain's theories also provoked some irritation, and not just admiration. Walter Benjamin, for example, could only look at Maritain as a charlatan who was out to place modern art under the bell-jar of Catholicism. Studies on interwar modernist aesthetics have been insensitive to traditional reference frames for too long. The Maritain Factor argues that we should not restrict our gaze to a rigid opposition between modern developments and long-established, inherited ways of thinking. II is necessary to extend our horizon to the adaptability within modernism. Moreover, by studying the reception and perception of Maritain this volume demonstrates that Catholic thought was not just one aspect of the manifold varieties of discourses and practices that modernism consisted of. It often offered a basis to 'organise' or 'structure' this multiplicity and thus constituted interwar modernism in many ways.

So What's New About Scholasticism?

So What's New About Scholasticism? PDF Author: Rajesh Heynickx
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110586584
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 319

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Book Description
In So What’s New about Scholasticism? thirteen international scholars gauge the extraordinary impact of a religiously inspired conceptual framework in a modern society. The essays that are brought together in this volume reveal that Neo-Thomism became part of contingent social contexts and varying intellectual domains. Rather than an ecclesiastic project of like-minded believers, Neo-Thomism was put into place as a source of inspiration for various concepts of modernization and progress. This volume reconstructs how Neo-Thomism sought to resolve disparities, annul contradictions and reconcile incongruent, new developments. It asks the question why Neo-Thomist ideas and arguments were put into play and how they were transferred across various scientific disciplines and artistic media, growing into one of the most influential master-narratives of the twentieth century. Edward Baring, Dries Bosschaert, James Chappel, Adi Efal-Lautenschläger, Rajesh Heynickx, Sigrid Leyssen, Christopher Morrissey, Annette Mülberger, Jaume Navarro, Herman Paul, Karim Schelkens, Wim Weymans and John Carter Wood reconstruct a bewildering, yet decipherable thought-structure that has left a deep mark on twentieth century politics, philosophy, science and religion.

T. S. Eliot and Christian Tradition

T. S. Eliot and Christian Tradition PDF Author: Benjamin G. Lockerd
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1611476127
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 358

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Book Description
T. S. Eliot was raised in the Unitarian faith of his family in St. Louis but drifted away from their beliefs while studying philosophy, mysticism, and anthropology at Harvard. During a year in Paris, he became involved with a group of Catholic writers and subsequently went through a gradual conversion to Catholic Christianity. Many studies of Eliot's writings have mentioned his religious beliefs, but most have failed to give the topic due weight, and many have misunderstood or misrepresented his faith. More recently, scholars have begun exploring this dimension of Eliot's thought more carefully and fully. In this book readers will find Eliot's Anglo-Catholicism accurately defined and thoughtfully considered. Essays illuminate the all-important influence of the French Catholic writers he came to know in Paris. Prominent among them were those who wrote for or were otherwise associated with the Nouvelle Revue Française, including André Gide, Paul Claudel, and Charles-Louis Philippe. Also active in Paris at that time was the notorious Charles Maurras, whose influence on Eliot has been exaggerated by those who wished to discredit Eliot's traditionalist views. A more measured assessment of Maurras's influence has been needed and is found in several essays here. A wiser French Catholic writer, Jacques Maritain, has been largely ignored by Eliot scholars, but his influence is now given due consideration. The keynote of Eliot's cultural and political writings is his belief that religion and culture are integrally related. Several contributors examine his ideas on this subject, placing them in the context of Maritain's ideas, as well as those of the Catholic historian Christopher Dawson. Contributors take account of Eliot's intellectual relationship with such figures as John Henry Newman, Charles Williams, and the expert on church architecture, W. R. Lethaby. Eliot's engagement with other contemporaries who held a variety of Christian beliefs—including George Santayana, Paul Elmer More, C. S. Lewis, and David Jones—is also explored. This collection presents the subject of Eliot's religious beliefs in rich detail, from a number of different perspectives, giving readers the opportunity to see the topic in its complexity and fullness.

Neo-Thomism in Action

Neo-Thomism in Action PDF Author: Wim Decock
Publisher: Leuven University Press
ISBN: 946270306X
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 336

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Book Description
In his encyclical Aeterni Patris (1879), Pope Leo XIII expressed the conviction that the renewed study of the philosophical legacy of Saint Thomas Aquinas would help Catholics to engage in a dialogue with secular modernity while maintaining respect for Church doctrine and tradition. As a result, the neo-scholastic framework dominated Catholic intellectual production for nearly a century thereafter. This volume assesses the societal impact of the Thomist revival movement, with particular attention to the juridical dimension of this epistemic community. Contributions from different disciplinary backgrounds offer a multifaceted and in-depth analysis of many different networks and protagonists of the neo-scholastic movement, its institutions and periodicals, and its conceptual frameworks. Although special attention is paid to the Leuven Institute of Philosophy and Faculty of Law, the volume also discloses the neo-Thomist revival in other national and transnational contexts. By highlighting diverse aspects of its societal and legal impact, Neo-Thomism in Action argues that neo-scholasticism was neither a sterile intellectual exercise nor a monolithic movement. The book expands our understanding of how Catholic intellectual discourse communities were constructed and how they pervaded law and society during the late 19th century and the first half of the 20th century.

Kindred Spirits

Kindred Spirits PDF Author: Brenna Moore
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022678715X
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 336

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Book Description
Kindred Spirits takes us inside a remarkable network of Catholic historians, theologians, poets, and activists who pushed against both the far-right surge in interwar Europe and the secularizing tendencies of the leftist movements active in the early to mid-twentieth century. With meticulous attention to the complexity of real lives, Brenna Moore explores how this group sought a middle way anchored in “spiritual friendship”—religiously meaningful friendship understood as uniquely capable of facing social and political challenges. For this group, spiritual friendship was inseparable from resistance to European xenophobia and nationalism, anti-racist activism in the United States, and solidarity with Muslims during the Algerian War. Friendship, they believed, was a key to both divine and human realms, a means of accessing the transcendent while also engaging with our social and political existence. Some of the figures are still well known—philosopher Jacques Maritain, Nobel Prize laureate Gabriela Mistral, influential Islamicist Louis Massignon, poet of the Harlem renaissance Claude McKay—while others have unjustly faded from memory. Much more than an idealized portrait of a remarkable group of Catholic intellectuals from the past, Kindred Spirits is a compelling exploration of both the beauty and flaws of a vibrant social network worth remembering.

Music and Ultra-modernism in France

Music and Ultra-modernism in France PDF Author: Barbara L. Kelly
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer Ltd
ISBN: 1843838109
Category : Music
Languages : en
Pages : 257

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Book Description
Exploring the ideas of consensus, resistance and rupture, this book contributes an important and nuanced reflection to the current debate on modernism in music.

2021

2021 PDF Author: Günter Berghaus
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110752387
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 469

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Book Description
This volume explores the fraught relationship between Futurism and the Sacred. Like many fin-de-siècle intellectuals, the Futurists were fascinated by various forms of esotericism such as theosophy and spiritualism and saw art as a privileged means to access states of being beyond the surface of the mundane world. At the same time, they viewed with suspicion organized religions as social institutions hindering modernization and ironically used their symbols. In Italy, the theorization of "Futurist Sacred Art" in the 1930s began a new period of dialogue between Futurism and the Catholic Church. The essays in the volume span the history of Futurism from 1909 to 1944 and consider its different configurations across different disciplines and geographical locations, from Polish and Spanish literature to Italian art and American music.

Letters of T. S. Eliot Volume 8

Letters of T. S. Eliot Volume 8 PDF Author: T. S. Eliot
Publisher: Faber & Faber
ISBN: 0571316395
Category : Poetry
Languages : en
Pages : 960

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Book Description
Eliot is called upon to become the completely public man. He gives talks, lectures, readings and broadcasts, and even school prize-day addresses. As editor and publisher, his work is unrelenting, commissioning works ranging from Michael Roberts's The Modern Mind to Elizabeth Bowen's anthology The Faber Book of Modern Stories. Other letters reveal Eliot's delight in close friends such as John Hayward, Virginia Woolf and Polly Tandy, and his colleagues Geoffrey Faber and Frank Morley, as well as his growing troupe of godchildren - to whom he despatches many of the verses that will ultimately be gathered up in Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats (1939). The volume covers his separation from first wife Vivien, and tells the full story of the decision taken by her brother, following the best available medical advice, to commit her to an asylum - after she had been found wandering in the streets of London. All the while these numerous strands of correspondence are being played out, Eliot struggles to find the time to compose his second play, The Family Reunion (1939), which is finally completed in 1938.

The Letters of T. S. Eliot Volume 6: 1932–1933

The Letters of T. S. Eliot Volume 6: 1932–1933 PDF Author: T. S. Eliot
Publisher: Faber & Faber
ISBN: 0571316352
Category : Literary Collections
Languages : en
Pages : 960

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Book Description
Despairing of his volatile, unstable wife, T. S. Eliot, at 44, resolves to put an end to the torture of his eighteen-year marriage. He breaks free from September 1932 by becoming Norton Lecturer at Harvard. His lectures will be published as The Use of Poetry and the Use of Criticism (1933). He also delivers the Page-Barbour Lectures at Virginia (After Strange Gods, 1934). At Christmas he visits Emily Hale, to whom he is 'obviously devoted'. He gives talks all over - New York, California, Missouri, Minnesota, Chicago - and the letters describing encounters with F. Scott Fitzgerald, Edmund Wilson and Marianne Moore ('a real Gillette blade') brim with gossip. High points include the première at Vassar College of his comic melodrama Sweeney Agonistes (1932). The year 'was the happiest I can ever remember in my life . . . successful and amusing.' Returning home, he hides out in the country while making known to Vivien his decision to leave her. But he is exasperated when she buries herself in denial: she will not accept a Deed of Separation. The close of 1933 is lifted when Eliot 'breaks into Show Business'. He is commissioned to write a 'mammoth Pageant': The Rock. This collaborative enterprise will be the proving-ground for the choric triumph of Murder in the Cathedral (1935).

Modernism and Theology

Modernism and Theology PDF Author: Joanna Rzepa
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030615308
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 438

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Book Description
This is the first book-length study to examine the interface between literary and theological modernisms. It provides a comprehensive account of literary responses to the modernist crisis in Christian theology from a transnational and interdenominational perspective. It offers a cultural history of the period, considering a wide range of literary and historical sources, including novels, drama, poetry, literary criticism, encyclicals, theological and philosophical treatises, periodical publications, and wartime propaganda. By contextualising literary modernism within the cultural, religious, and political landscape, the book reveals fundamental yet largely forgotten connections between literary and theological modernisms. It shows that early-twentieth-century authors, poets, and critics, including Rainer Maria Rilke, T. S. Eliot, and Czesław Miłosz, actively engaged with the debates between modernist and neo-scholastic theologians raging across Europe. These debates contributed to developing new ways of thinking about the relationship between religion and literature, and informed contemporary critical writings on aesthetics and poetics.