Organization of the White Matter Anatomy in the Human Brain PDF Download

Are you looking for read ebook online? Search for your book and save it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Download Organization of the White Matter Anatomy in the Human Brain PDF full book. Access full book title Organization of the White Matter Anatomy in the Human Brain by Laurent Petit. Download full books in PDF and EPUB format.

Organization of the White Matter Anatomy in the Human Brain

Organization of the White Matter Anatomy in the Human Brain PDF Author: Laurent Petit
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889633144
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

Get Book

Book Description

Organization of the White Matter Anatomy in the Human Brain

Organization of the White Matter Anatomy in the Human Brain PDF Author: Laurent Petit
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889633144
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

View

Book Description


MRI Atlas of Human White Matter

MRI Atlas of Human White Matter PDF Author: Susumu Mori
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080456164
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 276

View

Book Description
Recent advances in modern imaging techniques that can be used non-invasively for the visualization of the human brain have greatly enhanced the knowledge of brain anatomy and the understanding of its relationship to brain function. A unique new MRI modality, called diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) allows the three-dimensional study of the large white matter (WM) fiber bundles at macroscopic resolution (millimeter scale). MRI Atlas of Human White Matter provides a three-dimensional and two-dimensional in vivo atlas of various white matter tracts in the human brain. The images are based on diffusion tensor imaging and various tracts are reconstructed three-dimensionally from the data. Following an introduction and description of the methodology (Chapters 1 and 2), the 3D anatomy of individual tracts is delineated in Chapter 3. Chapter 4 consists of a series of color-coded orientation maps to delineate white matter anatomy in a slice-by-slice manner, in which the structures are extensively annotated. This richly illustrated Atlas is a valuable resource for students studying white matter anatomy and researchers working in brain research and radiology. This book also provides the structural assignment, which will assist neuroradiologists when interpreting diffusion tensor images in routine clinical studies. * Contains information demonstrating the clear separation of grey matter and white matter structures in the living human brain * 3D white matter tract reconstruction, with extensive 2D panels in all three viewing angles * Comprehensive annotations of white matter structures

Atlas of Human Brain Connections

Atlas of Human Brain Connections PDF Author: Marco Catani
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191089990
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages :

View

Book Description
One of the major challenges of modern neuroscience is to define the complex pattern of neural connections that underlie cognition and behaviour. Brain connections have been investigated extensively in many animal species, including monkeys. Until recently, however, we have been unable to verify their existence in humans or identify possible tracts that are unique to the human brain. The Atlas of Human Brain Connections capitalises on novel diffusion MRI tractography methods to provide a comprehensive overview of connections derived from virtual in vivo tractography dissections of the human brain. The book introduces the reader to the fundaments of human brain organization as derived from the study of the surface, sectional and connectional anatomy. It starts with an historical overview of the giant steps taken in neuroanatomy, from its birth more than 2000 years ago, to contemporary neuroimaging insights. Next, detailed descriptions of the major white matter connections, their function, and associated clinical syndromes are dealt with in detail. The composite maps of the Atlas are an excellent anatomical resource for teaching, clinical, and research purposes. By reviewing the basic principles of neuroanatomy, its historical roots, and its modern achievements in the field of DTI tractography, the book fills the gap between the detailed connectional anatomy of the monkey brain and the 19th century descriptions of white matter tracts from post-mortem human dissections. Covering a wide range of topics in the field of clinical neuroanatomy, this book constitutes both an excellent introduction to the brain, and a valuable reference work for experienced clinicians and researchers working in the field of neurology, psychiatry, neurosurgery, and neuroradiology.

Neuroimaging: Anatomy Meets Function

Neuroimaging: Anatomy Meets Function PDF Author: Nivedita Agarwal
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319574272
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 275

View

Book Description
This book combines classic MR anatomy with current understanding of human brain function. Recent advances in neuroscience have highlighted the importance of correlating brain anatomy with underlying brain function, since the brain contains a highly sophisticated organization of anatomical and functional relationships that are not readily “visible” with standard imaging. The use of magnetic resonance imaging is rapidly increasing in the field of neuroscience, and remains at the forefront for offering insights into the normal and pathologic structure and function of the human brain. The relatively recent concepts of structural and functional connectivity make it even more important to visualize the brain as a whole rather than looking at its individual parts. This holistic approach is vital in understanding concepts such as neuroplasticity that are currently incorporated into physical and cognitive rehabilitation programs for patients with stroke or neurodegenerative diseases. Ultimately this combined approach may reduce both overdiagnosis and misdiagnosis when integrated into routine clinical routine. This book will be of interest to neuroradiologists, general radiologists and neurologists alike, as well as medical students, residents and fellows.

Spatially Regularized Spherical Reconstruction

Spatially Regularized Spherical Reconstruction PDF Author: Ivan Camilo Salgado Patarroyo
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 81

View

Book Description
Despite the immense advances of science and medicine in recent years, several aspects regarding the physiology and the anatomy of the human brain are yet to be discovered and understood. A particularly challenging area in the study of human brain anatomy is that of brain connectivity, which describes the intricate means by which different regions of the brain interact with each other. The study of brain connectivity is deeply dependent on understanding the organization of white matter. The latter is predominantly comprised of bundles of myelinated axons, which serve as connecting pathways between approximately 1011 neurons in the brain. Consequently, the delineation of fine anatomical details of white matter represents a highly challenging objective, and it is still an active area of research in the fields of neuroimaging and neuroscience, in general. Recent advances in medical imaging have resulted in a quantum leap in our understanding of brain anatomy and functionality. In particular, the advent of diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) has provided researchers with a non-invasive means to infer information about the connectivity of the human brain. In a nutshell, dMRI is a set of imaging tools which aim at quantifying the process of water diffusion within the human brain to delineate the complex structural configurations of the white matter. Among the existing tools of dMRI high angular resolution diffusion imaging (HARDI) offers a desirable trade-off between its reconstruction accuracy and practical feasibility. In particular, HARDI excels in its ability to delineate complex directional patterns of the neural pathways throughout the brain, while remaining feasible for many clinical applications. Unfortunately, HARDI presents a fundamental trade-off between its ability to discriminate crossings of neural fiber tracts (i.e., its angular resolution) and the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of its associated images. Consequently, given that the angular resolution is of fundamental importance in the context of dMRI reconstruction, there is a need for effective algorithms for de-noising HARDI data. In this regard, the most effective de-noising approaches have been observed to be those which exploit both the angular and the spatial-domain regularity of HARDI signals. Accordingly, in this thesis, we propose a formulation of the problem of reconstruction of HARDI signals which incorporates regularization assumptions on both their angular and their spatial domains, while leading to a particularly simple numerical implementation. Experimental evidence suggests that the resulting cross-domain regularization procedure outperforms many other state of the art HARDI de-noising methods. Moreover, the proposed implementation of the algorithm supersedes the original reconstruction problem by a sequence of efficient filters which can be executed in parallel, suggesting its computational advantages over alternative implementations.

Konuri's Approach to Human Anatomy Neuroanatomy

Konuri's Approach to Human Anatomy Neuroanatomy PDF Author: Dr. V. K. Konuri
Publisher: BecomeShakespeare.com
ISBN: 938975996X
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 189

View

Book Description
Human Neuroanatomy studies the structure of the human brain and spinal cord. This includes the peripheral nerves, plexuses and ganglia. This book is a part of a series of seven books titled, “Konuri’s Approach to Human Anatomy”. The philosophy of Konuri’s approach is that Anatomy should be explained and not just described. These books achieve the aim of explanation by synthesizing and integrating ‘form, function and development’. The synthetic approach is the hallmark of this book, in contrast to many other books on Neuroanatomy that are just descriptive. Neuroanatomy is not only very complex but also highly organized. This book not only describes the location of various nuclei and tracts, but also brings out the rationality behind those anatomical details. The purpose of knowledge is inherently bound with its utilization. The litmus paper test of any acquired knowledge is the ability of the acquirer to use it to advance human life. This book discusses not only the clinical application of Neuroanatomy but also dwells into examining the process of acquiring knowledge by the human brain. This book considers the human brain as a product of biological evolution. The human brain started thing and after crossing many milestones, today the human brain started investigating itself. I invite the reader to dive into the book with enthusiasm and to float with extreme satisfaction.

White Matter Dementia

White Matter Dementia PDF Author: Christopher M. Filley
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316665151
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages :

View

Book Description
Breaking away from prevailing views of dementia that rely heavily on the role of the cerebral cortex, the new perspective put forth here highlights white matter-cognition relationships, presenting an expanded view of dementia and its neurobiological origins. Based on detailed patient observations, extensive clinical research and an exhaustive literature review, this book discusses the novel concept of white matter dementia, offering hope for better understanding and treatment of dementing illness. Covering topics such as white matter neurobiology, mild cognitive dysfunction and Alzheimer's disease, the author reconsiders brain-behavior relationships and expands the concept of dementia, discussing implications for diagnosis, treatment (medical, surgical, rehabilitative, and psychiatric) and therapeutic innovations aimed at prevention of white matter damage and restoration of myelin. This unique book is an absolute must-have for all medical specialists and consultants in neurology, neuropsychiatry, and neuropsychology involved with the growing challenge of dementia.

Recent Developments in Neuroanatomical Terminology

Recent Developments in Neuroanatomical Terminology PDF Author: Hans J. ten Donkelaar
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889631265
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

View

Book Description
The present series of papers are meant to provoke discussion on neuroanatomical terminology. After publication of the Terminologia Neuroanatomica (TNA 2017; http://FIPAT.library.dal.ca) and its recent ratification by the International Federation of Associations of Anatomists (IFAA), August 9 in London (UK), several neuroscientists were invited to give their views on this new official IFAA terminology. This resulted in 12 papers and one commentary on the following topics: (A) Further development of a developmental ontology; (B) Common terminology for cerebral cortex and thalamus; (C) White matter tracts; and (D) Neuron types. The suggestions made to improve the TNA will be considered in the next version of the TNA. Neuroanatomical terminology should remain an actively ongoing endeavor and concerns all using this nomenclature, whether in Latin, English or other languages.

A Lecture on Recent Researches on the Comparative Anatomy of the Human Brain

A Lecture on Recent Researches on the Comparative Anatomy of the Human Brain PDF Author: William Colin Mackenzie
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Brain
Languages : en
Pages : 27

View

Book Description


Evolutionary Anatomy of the Primate Cerebral Cortex

Evolutionary Anatomy of the Primate Cerebral Cortex PDF Author: Dean Falk
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 131658271X
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages :

View

Book Description
Studies of brain evolution have moved rapidly in recent years, building on the pioneering research of Harry J. Jerison. This book provides reviews of primate (including human) brain evolution. The book is divided into two sections, the first gives new perspectives on the developmental, physiological, dietary and behavioural correlates of brain enlargement. It has long been recognized, however, that brains do not merely enlarge globally as they evolve, but that their cortical and internal organization also changes in a process known as reorganization. Species-specific adaptations therefore have neurological substrates that depend on more than just overall brain size. The second section explores these neurological underpinnings for the senses, adaptations and cognitive abilities that are important for primates. With a prologue by Stephen J. Gould and an epilogue by Harry J. Jerison, this is an important reference work for all those working on brain evolution in primates.