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Rational Religion and Morals: Presenting Analysis of the Functions of Mind, Under the Operations and Directions of Reason

Rational Religion and Morals: Presenting Analysis of the Functions of Mind, Under the Operations and Directions of Reason PDF Author: Thomas J. Vaiden
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Rationalism
Languages : en
Pages : 1038

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Rational Religion and Morals: Presenting Analysis of the Functions of Mind, Under the Operations and Directions of Reason

Rational Religion and Morals: Presenting Analysis of the Functions of Mind, Under the Operations and Directions of Reason PDF Author: Thomas J. Vaiden
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Rationalism
Languages : en
Pages : 1038

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Book Description


Woman Physiologically Considered as to Mind, Morals, Marriage, Matrimonial Slavery, Infidelity and Divorce

Woman Physiologically Considered as to Mind, Morals, Marriage, Matrimonial Slavery, Infidelity and Divorce PDF Author: Alexander Walker
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Women
Languages : en
Pages : 444

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The Rational Conduct of the Human Mind, Moral and Religious

The Rational Conduct of the Human Mind, Moral and Religious PDF Author: Edward Hopson
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Christian poetry, English
Languages : en
Pages : 77

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Postures of the Mind

Postures of the Mind PDF Author: Annette Baier
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Ethics
Languages : en
Pages : 334

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Mind, Body, and Morality

Mind, Body, and Morality PDF Author: Martina Reuter
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351202812
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 274

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Book Description
The turn of the millennium has been marked by new developments in the study of early modern philosophy. In particular, the philosophy of René Descartes has been reinterpreted in a number of important and exciting ways, specifically concerning his work on the mind-body union, the connection between objective and formal reality, and his status as a moral philosopher. These fresh interpretations have coincided with a renewed interest in overlooked parts of the Cartesian corpus and a sustained focus on the similarities between Descartes’ thought and the philosophy of Baruch Spinoza. Mind, Body, and Morality consists of fifteen chapters written by scholars who have contributed significantly to the new turn in Descartes and Spinoza scholarship. The volume is divided into three parts. The first group of chapters examines different metaphysical and epistemological problems raised by the Cartesian mind-body union. Part II investigates Descartes’ and Spinoza’s understanding of the relations between ideas, knowledge, and reality. Special emphasis is put on Spinoza’s conception of the relation between activity and passivity. Finally, the last part explores different aspects of Descartes’ moral philosophy, connecting his views to important predecessors, Augustine and Abelard, and comparing them to Spinoza.

The Triadic Structure of the Mind

The Triadic Structure of the Mind PDF Author: Francesco Belfiore
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0761868577
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 614

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Book Description
In this third edition of The Triadic Structure of the Mind, Francesco Belfiore begins from the basic ontological conception of the structure and functioning of the “mind” or “spirit” as an evolving, conscious triad composed of intellect, sensitiveness, and power, each exerting a selfish and a moral activity. Based on this original concept of the triadic, bidirectional and evolving mind, Belfiore has developed a coherent philosophical system, through which he offers fresh solutions in the fields of ontology, knowledge, language, aesthetics, ethics, politics, and law. The present third edition, like the previous one, includes an extensive treatment of the topics addressed as well as the quotation of the views of the major thinkers, whose thought has been discussed and reinterpreted. In addition, new concepts have been introduced, some passages have been clarified, and the style has been improved in several points. The result is an original and exhaustive book, which will be of interest to all philosophy scholars.

Humean Moral Pluralism

Humean Moral Pluralism PDF Author: Michael B. Gill
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198714033
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 257

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Book Description
Michael B. Gill offers a new account of Humean moral pluralism: the view that there are different moral reasons for action, which are based on human sentiments. He explores its historical origins, and argues that it offers the most compelling view of our moral experience. Together, pluralism and Humeanism make a philosophically powerful couple.

The Meaning of Mind

The Meaning of Mind PDF Author: Thomas Szasz
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815607755
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 212

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Book Description
In this brilliantly original and highly accessible work, Thomas Szasz demonstrates the futility of analyzing the mind as a collection of brain functions. Instead of trying to unravel the riddle of a mythical entity called “the mind,” Szasz suggests that our task should be to understand and judge persons always as moral agents responsible for their own actions, not as victims of brain chemistry.

The Conscious Mind

The Conscious Mind PDF Author: David J. Chalmers
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199839352
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 432

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Book Description
What is consciousness? How do physical processes in the brain give rise to the self-aware mind and to feelings as profoundly varied as love or hate, aesthetic pleasure or spiritual yearning? These questions today are among the most hotly debated issues among scientists and philosophers, and we have seen in recent years superb volumes by such eminent figures as Francis Crick, Daniel C. Dennett, Gerald Edelman, and Roger Penrose, all firing volleys in what has come to be called the consciousness wars. Now, in The Conscious Mind, philosopher David J. Chalmers offers a cogent analysis of this heated debate as he unveils a major new theory of consciousness, one that rejects the prevailing reductionist trend of science, while offering provocative insights into the relationship between mind and brain. Writing in a rigorous, thought-provoking style, the author takes us on a far-reaching tour through the philosophical ramifications of consciousness. Chalmers convincingly reveals how contemporary cognitive science and neurobiology have failed to explain how and why mental events emerge from physiological occurrences in the brain. He proposes instead that conscious experience must be understood in an entirely new light--as an irreducible entity (similar to such physical properties as time, mass, and space) that exists at a fundamental level and cannot be understood as the sum of its parts. And after suggesting some intriguing possibilities about the structure and laws of conscious experience, he details how his unique reinterpretation of the mind could be the focus of a new science. Throughout the book, Chalmers provides fascinating thought experiments that trenchantly illustrate his ideas. For example, in exploring the notion that consciousness could be experienced by machines as well as humans, Chalmers asks us to imagine a thinking brain in which neurons are slowly replaced by silicon chips that precisely duplicate their functions--as the neurons are replaced, will consciousness gradually fade away? The book also features thoughtful discussions of how the author's theories might be practically applied to subjects as diverse as artificial intelligence and the interpretation of quantum mechanics. All of us have pondered the nature and meaning of consciousness. Engaging and penetrating, The Conscious Mind adds a fresh new perspective to the subject that is sure to spark debate about our understanding of the mind for years to come.

Rationality and the Reflective Mind

Rationality and the Reflective Mind PDF Author: Keith Stanovich
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199712395
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
In Rationality and the Reflective Mind, Keith Stanovich attempts to resolve the Great Rationality Debate in cognitive science--the debate about how much irrationality to ascribe to human cognition. He shows how the insights of dual-process theory and evolutionary psychology can be combined to explain why humans are sometimes irrational even though they possess remarkably adaptive cognitive machinery. Stanovich argues that to fully characterize differences in rational thinking, we need to replace dual-process theories with tripartite models of cognition. Using a unique individual differences approach, he shows that the traditional second system (System 2) of dual-process theory must be further divided into the reflective mind and the algorithmic mind. Distinguishing them will allow us to better appreciate the significant differences in their key functions: The key function of the reflective mind is to detect the need to interrupt autonomous processing and to begin simulation activities, whereas that of the algorithmic mind is to sustain the processing of decoupled secondary representations in cognitive simulation. Stanovich then uses this algorithmic/reflective distinction to develop a taxonomy of cognitive errors made on tasks in the heuristics and biases literature. He presents the empirical data to show that the tendency to make these thinking errors is not highly related to intelligence. Using his tripartite model of cognition, Stanovich shows how, when both are properly defined, rationality is a more encompassing construct than intelligence, and that IQ tests fail to assess individual differences in rational thought. He then goes on to discuss the types of thinking processes that would be measured if rational thinking were to be assessed as IQ has been.