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Cognitive Lexicography

Cognitive Lexicography PDF Author: Carolin Ostermann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110424169
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 392

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Book Description
English lexicography and linguistics have always shared close ties, yet the potential of cognitive linguistics for lexicography has only been hesitantly acknowledged in the literature. This is what cognitive lexicography attempts to change by using insights gained in cognitive semantic research for the development of new dictionary features. After a short survey of the history and practice of English monolingual learner lexicography, as well as an outline of the relationship between linguistics and lexicography, three new dictionary features are developed. They cover three different cognitive semantic theories as well as three different parts of the monolingual dictionary entry, each time for a new set of lexemes. Frame semantics, conceptual metaphor theory, as well as cognitive conceptions of polysemy, are used to create a new example section for agentive nouns, a new defining structure for emotion terms and a new microstructural arrangement for particle entries. Dictionary analyses on all, as well as user studies on two of the features, complement these suggestions. The monograph thus presents a new approach to lexicography that incorporates into its description of lexical items how humans perceive and conceptualise language.

Cognitive Lexicography

Cognitive Lexicography PDF Author: Carolin Ostermann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110424169
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 392

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Book Description
English lexicography and linguistics have always shared close ties, yet the potential of cognitive linguistics for lexicography has only been hesitantly acknowledged in the literature. This is what cognitive lexicography attempts to change by using insights gained in cognitive semantic research for the development of new dictionary features. After a short survey of the history and practice of English monolingual learner lexicography, as well as an outline of the relationship between linguistics and lexicography, three new dictionary features are developed. They cover three different cognitive semantic theories as well as three different parts of the monolingual dictionary entry, each time for a new set of lexemes. Frame semantics, conceptual metaphor theory, as well as cognitive conceptions of polysemy, are used to create a new example section for agentive nouns, a new defining structure for emotion terms and a new microstructural arrangement for particle entries. Dictionary analyses on all, as well as user studies on two of the features, complement these suggestions. The monograph thus presents a new approach to lexicography that incorporates into its description of lexical items how humans perceive and conceptualise language.

Longman Language Activator

Longman Language Activator PDF Author: Della Summers
Publisher: Addison-Wesley Longman Limited
ISBN:
Category : Anglais (Langue) - Contexte - Dictionnaires
Languages : en
Pages : 1632

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Book Description
Presents linguistic as well as lexical information.

Cambridge BEC Vantage 3. Self Study Pack (Student's Book, Audio-CD)

Cambridge BEC Vantage 3. Self Study Pack (Student's Book, Audio-CD) PDF Author:
Publisher: Ernst Klett Sprachen
ISBN: 9783125348776
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 126

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A Sociolinguistic History of British English Lexicography

A Sociolinguistic History of British English Lexicography PDF Author: Heming Yong
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000429482
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 258

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Book Description
A Sociolinguistic History of British English Lexicography traces the evolution of British English dictionaries from their earliest roots to the end of the 20th century by adopting both sociolinguistic and lexicographical perspectives. It attempts to break out of the limits of the dictionary-ontology paradigm and set British English dictionary-making and research against a broader background of socio-cultural observations, thus relating the development of English lexicography to changes in English, accomplishments in English linguistics, social and cultural progress, and advances in science and technology. It unfolds a vivid, coherent and complete picture of how English dictionary-making develops from its archetype to the prescriptive, the historical, the descriptive and finally to the cognitive model, how it interrelates to the course of the development of a nation's culture and the historical growth of its lexicographical culture, as well as how English lexicography spreads from British English to other major regional varieties through inheritance, innovation and self-perfection. This volume will be of interest to students and academics of English lexicography, English linguistics and world English lexicography.

Quantifying Language

Quantifying Language PDF Author: Phil Scholfield
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 9781853592539
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 298

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Book Description
A comprehensive overview of principles and problems when turning language into figures. Methods of data gathering, counting and serving are covered, as well as ethics, norm and criterion referencing, reliability and validity, and how quantification connects with research design or pedagogical use.

Walford's Guide to Reference Material: Generalia, language & literature, the arts

Walford's Guide to Reference Material: Generalia, language & literature, the arts PDF Author: Albert John Walford
Publisher: Library Assn Pub Limited
ISBN:
Category : Reference
Languages : en
Pages : 1148

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Book Description
This book has achieved international recognition as a reference tool and a "one-stop" daily information source. This new edition features many topics, and is indispensable to librarians and information professionals revising reference collections, etc.

Walford's Guide to Reference Material

Walford's Guide to Reference Material PDF Author: Albert John Walford
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Reference books
Languages : en
Pages :

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Walford's Guide to Reference Material: Generalia, language and literature, the arts

Walford's Guide to Reference Material: Generalia, language and literature, the arts PDF Author: Albert John Walford
Publisher: London : Library Association Publishing
ISBN:
Category : Reference
Languages : en
Pages : 1186

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Book Description
From its first edition the purpose of Walford has been to identify and evaluate the widest possible range of reference materials. No rigid definition of reference is applied. In addition to the expected bibliographies, indexes, dictionaries, encyclopaedias, and directories, a number of important textbooks and manuals of general practice are included. While the majority of the items are books, Walford is a guide to reference material. Thus periodical articles, microforms, online and CD-ROM sources are all represented. In this volume a particular effort has been made to improve coverage of the latter two categories.

Summit

Summit PDF Author: Joan Saslow
Publisher: Pearson Education ESL
ISBN: 9780134096070
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
With its fresh new look, the third edition of the Summit program helps develop confident English speakers who are able to navigate a host of social and professional situations. This two-level course provides high-intermediate learners with an integrated set of global communication skills. It delivers immediate, demonstrable results through its goal- and achievement-based pedagogy and continual recycling of language. The two levels of Summit can be used with Top Notch as the fifth and sixth books in a complete six-level series. Summit 1 covers competencies from B2 to B2+ and Summit 2 introduces C1 competencies in the Common European Framework of Reference. The entire Summit course can be tailored to blended learning with its integrated online component, MyEnglishLab (access code available separately; not included in the Student Book). Highlights New Conversation Activator videos build communicative competence. New Discussion Activator videos increase range and depth of expression. Test-taking Skills Booster and extra challenge exercises help students succeed on the reading and listening sections of standardized tests. Greatly increased grammar, reading, listening, and writing practice plus digital grammar exercises give students the additional practice opportunities they've requested. Memorable models build natural, social language and conversation strategies. 50+ listening tasks at each level develop critical thinking and crucial listening comprehension skills, such as listening for details, confirmation of content, inference, and understanding meaning. ActiveTeach includes a digital Student Book for whiteboards with lesson plans, assessment tools and access to audio, video, and exercises to make learning more focused and interactive. Fluency-building planning activities such as idea framing help students express themselves with confidence. More ready-to-use teacher resources (including a broad range of print and digital components) than other courses make Summit easy to use for busy teachers.

Top Notch 2 Student Book

Top Notch 2 Student Book PDF Author: Joan Saslow
Publisher: Pearson Education ESL
ISBN: 9780133928945
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 154

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Book Description