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Lexical Inferencing in a First and Second Language

Lexical Inferencing in a First and Second Language PDF Author: Prof. Marjorie Bingham Wesche
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1847693849
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 212

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Book Description
This book presents a comprehensive review of previous research on lexical inferencing, co-authored by Kirsten Haastrup, and a major new trilingual study of lexical inferencing by both first (L1) and second language (L2) readers. Research since the 1970s on this apparently universal cognitive process in L2 reading and vocabulary learning is surveyed, including the kinds of knowledge and textual cues L2 readers use when inferring unknown word meanings, factors influencing their success and knowledge retention, and relevant theory. A comparative study of L1 and L2 lexical inferencing by Persian and French and English speakers is then presented, focusing on evidence of L1 transfer in the L2 inferencing process, its success and readers’ gains in L2 word knowledge. Influences of the specific L1 are distinguished from those of native versus non-native proficiency, relative cultural familiarity of texts, readers’ L2 proficiency, text language features and other factors. The relative typological distance between readers’ L1 and L2 is reflected in systematic differences between L1 speakers of Persian and French in their L2 lexical inferencing. Implications are drawn for L2 instruction at advanced levels.

Lexical Inferencing in a First and Second Language

Lexical Inferencing in a First and Second Language PDF Author: Prof. Marjorie Bingham Wesche
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1847693849
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 212

View

Book Description
This book presents a comprehensive review of previous research on lexical inferencing, co-authored by Kirsten Haastrup, and a major new trilingual study of lexical inferencing by both first (L1) and second language (L2) readers. Research since the 1970s on this apparently universal cognitive process in L2 reading and vocabulary learning is surveyed, including the kinds of knowledge and textual cues L2 readers use when inferring unknown word meanings, factors influencing their success and knowledge retention, and relevant theory. A comparative study of L1 and L2 lexical inferencing by Persian and French and English speakers is then presented, focusing on evidence of L1 transfer in the L2 inferencing process, its success and readers’ gains in L2 word knowledge. Influences of the specific L1 are distinguished from those of native versus non-native proficiency, relative cultural familiarity of texts, readers’ L2 proficiency, text language features and other factors. The relative typological distance between readers’ L1 and L2 is reflected in systematic differences between L1 speakers of Persian and French in their L2 lexical inferencing. Implications are drawn for L2 instruction at advanced levels.

Advanced Students’ Knowledge of Vocabulary in a First and Second Language

Advanced Students’ Knowledge of Vocabulary in a First and Second Language PDF Author: Monica Karlsson
Publisher: Channel View Publications
ISBN: 1800415265
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 289

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Book Description
This book offers a comprehensive investigation into advanced students’ knowledge of vocabulary in their L1 and L2. As a cross-sectional study, it examines the quantitative aspects of students’ vocabulary knowledge through parallel tests of upper secondary level vocabulary, specialised vocabulary, and advanced vocabulary in both their L1 and L2. It also, primarily in qualitative terms, investigates students' L1 and L2 knowledge of polysemous words, lexical fields of near synonyms and false friends. Knowledge of derivative forms, idioms, proverbs, idiomatically used prepositions and multi-word verbs offer insights into both the breadth and depth of students’ L1 and L2 vocabulary knowledge. Finally, it considers the extent to which students’ results can be attributed to differences between inferencing skills in their L1 and L2. In each subfield, the pedagogical implications of the findings are discussed. This book will be of interest to teachers and researchers focusing on the teaching and learning of vocabulary.

Vocabulary and Writing in a First and Second Language

Vocabulary and Writing in a First and Second Language PDF Author: D. Albrechtsen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230593402
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 225

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Book Description
Listening to the voices of learners as they write an essay or try to cope with unfamiliar words in a text is a luxury often reserved for researchers. This book observes individuals performing similar tasks in their first and their foreign language and invites readers with an interest in foreign language acquisition to follow the same learners in their efforts to cope in both languages.

New Perspectives on Transfer in Second Language Learning

New Perspectives on Transfer in Second Language Learning PDF Author: Liming Yu
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1783094338
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 272

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Book Description
When people attempt to learn a new language, the language(s) they already know can help but also hinder their understanding or production of new forms. This phenomenon, known as language transfer, is the focus of this book. The collection offers new theoretical perspectives, some in the empirical studies and some in other chapters, and consists of four sections considering lexical, syntactic, phonological and cognitive perspectives. The volume provides a wealth of studies on the influence of Chinese on the acquisition of English but also includes studies involving Finnish, French, Hindi, Korean, Persian, Spanish, Swedish and Tamil. It will be of great interest to researchers and students working in the areas of crosslinguistic influence in second language acquisition, language pedagogy and psycholinguistics.

Lexical Inferencing in a First and Second Language

Lexical Inferencing in a First and Second Language PDF Author: Marjorie Bingham Wesche
Publisher: Multilingual Matters Limited
ISBN: 9781847692238
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 193

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Book Description
Lexical inferencing is a central process in both reading comprehension and word learning through reading. This volume presents a comprehensive research review on second language lexical inferencing (with Kirsten Haastrup) and a major new study of first and second language lexical inferencing by speakers of Persian, French and English, focusing on first language transfer effects.

Using Pedagogic Intervention to Cultivate Contextual Lexical Competence in L2

Using Pedagogic Intervention to Cultivate Contextual Lexical Competence in L2 PDF Author: Gaiyan Wang
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319927167
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 265

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Book Description
This book challenges prevailing linguistic presumptions concerning contextual lexical meaning by examining whether pedagogic intervention targeted at raising Chinese EFL learners’ awareness of the pragmatic nature of contextual lexical meaning can enhance the learners’ contextual lexical inferencing competence (CLIC). CLIC is crucial to the development of a learners’ vocabulary, reading ability and autonomy in reading. Through an empirical study conducted among a group of adult Chinese students of English, the author shows that the power of CLIC instruction lies mainly in its effectiveness in enhancing learners’ self-confidence in making lexical inferences. This book will be of interest to researchers and students of applied linguistics, TESOL, language education, and for language professionals keen to extend their research experience.

Evaluating Second Language Vocabulary and Grammar Instruction

Evaluating Second Language Vocabulary and Grammar Instruction PDF Author: Frank Boers
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000356787
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 234

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Book Description
Providing a much-needed critical synthesis of research on teaching vocabulary and grammar to students of a second or foreign language, this book puts the research into perspective in order to distil recommendations for language teaching. Boers evaluates a comprehensive range of both well-established and lesser-known research strands and classroom practices to draw out the most effective instructional approaches to teaching words, multiword expressions and grammar patterns. Chapters discuss learning as a by-product of communicative activities, language-focused instruction, diverse types of exercises, mnemonic techniques and more, with a view to building bridges between the available research on such instructional approaches and how they are commonly implemented in actual language courses and textbooks. This book helps teachers make research-informed decisions regarding their instructional approaches to words, phrases and patterns, and direct researchers to specific areas in need of further inquiry. Boers not only demonstrates how research findings can inform effective teaching, but also calls for a deeper appreciation on the part of researchers of the realities of the teaching profession, making this a worthwhile text for preservice teachers, teacher educators, graduate students and scholars.

Research Questions in Language Education and Applied Linguistics

Research Questions in Language Education and Applied Linguistics PDF Author: Hassan Mohebbi
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030791432
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 889

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Book Description
This volume encompasses the range of research questions on language-related problems that arise in language teaching, learning and assessment. The [150] chapters are written by experts in the field who each offer their insights into current and future directions of research, and who suggest several highly relevant research questions. Topics include, but are not limited to: language skills teaching, language skills assessment and testing, measurement, feedback, discourse analysis, pragmatics, semantics, language learning through technology, CALL, MALL, ESP, EAP, ERPP, TBLT, materials development, genre analysis, needs analysis, corpus, content-based language teaching, language teaching and learning strategies, individual differences, research methods, classroom research, form-focused instruction, age effects, literacy, proficiency, and teacher education and teacher development. The book serves as a reference and offers inspiration to researchers and students in language education. An important skill in reviewing the research literature is following a study’s “plan of attack.” Broadly, this means that before accepting and acting upon the findings, one considers a) the research question (Is it clear and focused? Measurable?), b) the subjects examined, the methods deployed, and the measures chosen (Do they fit the study’s goal and have the potential to yield useful results?), and c) the analysis of the data (Do the data lead to the discussion presented? Has the author reasonably interpreted results to reach the conclusion?). Mohebbi and Coombe’s book, Research Questions in Language Education and Applied Linguistics: A Reference Guide, helps budding researchers take the first step and develop a solid research question. As the field of language education evolves, we need continual research to improve our instructional and assessment practices and our understanding of the learners’ language learning processes. This book with its remarkable 150 topics and 10 times the number of potential research questions provides a wealth of ideas that will help early career researchers conduct studies that move our field forward and grow our knowledge base. Deborah J. Short, Ph.D., Director, Academic Language Research & Training, Past President, TESOL International Association (2021-22) As a teacher in graduate programs in TESOL I frequently come across the frustration of students at centering their research interests on a particular topic and developing research questions which are worth pursuing so as to make a contribution to the field. This frustration stems from the fact that our field is so vast and interrelated, that it is often impossible to properly address all that interests them. Hence, I wholeheartedly welcome this most relevant and innovative addition to the research literature in the field of TESOL and Applied Linguistics. Coombe and Mohebbi have created a real tour de force that stands to inform budding researchers in the field for many years to come. Additionally, the cutting-edge depiction of the field and all it has to offer will no doubt update the research agendas of many seasoned researchers around the world. The 150 chapters are organized in a most powerful, yet, deceptively simple way offering a positioning within the topic, suggesting questions that might direct inquiry and offering a basic set of bibliographic tools to start the reader in the path towards research. What is more, the nine sections in which the chapters are organized leave no area of the field unexplored. Dr. Gabriel Díaz Maggioli, Academic Advisor, Institute of Education, Universidad ORT del Uruguay, President, IATEFL

Researching Vocabulary

Researching Vocabulary PDF Author: N. Schmitt
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230293972
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 386

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Book Description
The book overviews a wide range of vocabulary research methodologies, and offers practical advice on how to carry out valid and reliable research on first and second language vocabulary. It includes a Resources section which outlines the lexical tests, corpora, software, internet sites, and other resources available to vocabulary researchers.

Writing and Vocabulary in Foreign Language Acquisition

Writing and Vocabulary in Foreign Language Acquisition PDF Author: Dorte Albrechtsen
Publisher: Museum Tusculanum Press
ISBN: 9788772899329
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 158

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Book Description
This volume features eight articles on writing and vocabulary acquisitiontwo crucial areas of study in foreign language learning and teaching. Five contributions have come from notable research environments in Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, Poland and Wales. The first section is devoted to studies of writing in a second or a foreign language (L2). The second section deals with vocabulary acquisition illustrating the wide scope of the issues open to investigation.