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Broadening the Edges

Broadening the Edges PDF Author: Pirkko Kourula
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9041104801
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 407

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Book Description
This volume brings the refugee issue out of the narrow confines of refugee law into the centre of international law and international relations. It reviews the concept of the refugee and the international protection of refugees from the unconventional angle of the prospects and limitations of multilateralism in the post Cold War era. The broadening concept of security, affecting the attitudes of states towards refugees, is the underlying theme of the book. As a result, the contemporary preoccupation with how best to provide international protection to all those in need of it is reviewed from a number of relevant perspectives: including that of peacekeeping, sanctions, and coordination and competence within the United Nations.

Broadening the Edges

Broadening the Edges PDF Author: Pirkko Kourula
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9041104801
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 407

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Book Description
This volume brings the refugee issue out of the narrow confines of refugee law into the centre of international law and international relations. It reviews the concept of the refugee and the international protection of refugees from the unconventional angle of the prospects and limitations of multilateralism in the post Cold War era. The broadening concept of security, affecting the attitudes of states towards refugees, is the underlying theme of the book. As a result, the contemporary preoccupation with how best to provide international protection to all those in need of it is reviewed from a number of relevant perspectives: including that of peacekeeping, sanctions, and coordination and competence within the United Nations.

Broadening the Edges

Broadening the Edges PDF Author: Pirkko Kourula
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Pub
ISBN: 9789041104816
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 407

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Book Description
This volume brings the refugee issue out of the narrow confines of refugee law into the centre of international law and international relations. It reviews the concept of the refugee and the international protection of refugees from the unconventional angle of the prospects and limitations of multilateralism in the post Cold War era. The broadening concept of security, affecting the attitudes of states towards refugees, is the underlying theme of the book. As a result, the contemporary preoccupation with how best to provide international protection to all those in need of it is reviewed from a number of relevant perspectives: including that of peacekeeping, sanctions, and coordination and competence within the United Nations.

The Physics and Chemistry of Solids

The Physics and Chemistry of Solids PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Solids
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
Vol. 8, Jan. 1959 consists of the Proceedings of the 1958 International Conference on Semiconductors (later International Conference on the Physics of Semiconductors); v. 14, July 1960 consists of the Proceedings of the 2d Conference on Semiconductor Surfaces, 1959.

Program and Extended Abstracts

Program and Extended Abstracts PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : X-ray spectroscopy
Languages : en
Pages : 371

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EXAFS and Near Edge Structure III

EXAFS and Near Edge Structure III PDF Author: K. O. Hodgson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642465226
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 536

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Book Description
This volume contains the Proceedings of the Third International EXAFS Conference, hosted by Stanford University and the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory on July 16-20, 1984. The meeting, co-chaired by Professors Arthur Bienenstock and Keith Hodgson, was attended by over 200 scientists representing a wide range of scientific disciplines. The format of the meeting consisted of 51 invited presenta tions and four days of poster sessions. This Proceedings is a compilation of 139 contributions from both invited speakers and authors of contributed posters. The last ten years has seen the rapid maturation of x-ray absorption spectrosco pyas a scientific discipline. The vitality of the field is reflected in the diver sity of applications found in the Proceedings. Recent work continues to probe the limits of x-ray spectroscopy, with proven techniques being extended to, for examp le, very low or high energy studies, to very dilute systems, and to studies of surface structure. In fact, the title of the conference does not at all reflect the breadth of the science discussed at this meeting. The number of fields in which x ray absorption spectroscopy is finding applications has increased dramatically even in the two years since the previous International Conference held in Frascati*. The prospects for continued growth and innovation will be even further enhanced if a new generation 6 GeV storage ring is constructed in the next five years.

Open-Space Microfluidics

Open-Space Microfluidics PDF Author: Emmanuel Delamarche
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527696806
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 440

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Book Description
Summarizing the latest trends and the current state of this research field, this up-to-date book discusses in detail techniques to perform localized alterations on surfaces with great flexibility, including microfluidic probes, multifunctional nanopipettes and various surface patterning techniques, such as dip pen nanolithography. These techniques are also put in perspective in terms of applications and how they can be transformative of numerous (bio)chemical processes involving surfaces. The editors are from IBM Zurich, the pioneers and pacesetters in the field at the forefront of research in this new and rapidly expanding area.

Nonlinear Fiber Optics

Nonlinear Fiber Optics PDF Author: Govind Agrawal
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 148328803X
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 592

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Book Description
The field of nonlinear fiber optics has grown substantially since the First Edition of Nonlinear Fiber Optics, published in 1989. Like the First Edition, this Second Edition is a comprehensive, tutorial, and up-to-date account of nonlinear optical phenomena in fiber optics. It synthesizes widely scattered research material and presents it in an accessible manner for students and researchers already engaged in or wishing to enter the field of nonlinear fiber optics. Particular attention is paid to the importance of nonlinear effects in the design of optical fiber communication systems. This is a completely new book containing either new sections or major revisions in every chapter. Major changes in Soliton-based Communication Systems New section on Photonic Switching New section on the Nonlinear Fiber-loop Mirror Section on Second-harmonic Generation will be expanded to include new research material Two new chapters have been added on Fiber Amplifiers and Fiber Lasers, two major research areas which have grown significantly during the last 4-5 years All references have been completely updated

Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence I

Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence I PDF Author: Ngoc-Thanh Nguyen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642150330
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 207

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Book Description
These Transactions publish research in computer-based methods of computational collective intelligence (CCI) and their applications in a wide range of fields such as the Semantic Web, social networks and multi-agent systems. TCCI strives to cover new methodological, theoretical and practical aspects of CCI understood as the form of intelligence that emerges from the collaboration and competition of many individuals (artificial and/or natural). The application of multiple computational intelligence technologies such as fuzzy systems, evolutionary computation, neural systems, consensus theory, etc., aims to support human and other collective intelligence and to create new forms of CCI in natural and/or artificial systems. This is the first volume of TCCI. It contains a collection of articles selected from regular submissions and invited papers of substantially extended contributions based on the best papers presented at the First International Conference on Computational Collective Intelligence: Semantic Web, Social Networks and Multiagent Systems (ICCCI 2009) during October 5-7 , 2009 in Wroclaw (Poland). The 10 papers in this volume introduce advances in the foundations and applications of computational collective intelligence.

Fractals in Biology and Medicine

Fractals in Biology and Medicine PDF Author: Theo F. Nonnenmacher
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3034885016
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 397

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Book Description
"Fractals in Biology and Medicine" explores the potential of fractal geometry for describing and understanding biological organisms, their development and growth as well as their structural design and functional properties. It extends these notions to assess changes associated with disease in the hope to contribute to the understanding of pathogenetic processes in medicine. The book is the first comprehensive presentation of the importance of the new concept of fractal geometry for biological and medical sciences. It collates in a logical sequence extended papers based on invited lectures and free communications presented at a symposium in Ascona, Switzerland, attended by leading scientists in this field, among them the originator of fractal geometry, Benoit Mandelbrot. "Fractals in Biology and Medicine" begins by asking how the theoretical construct of fractal geometry can be applied to biomedical sciences and then addresses the role of fractals in the design and morphogenesis of biological organisms as well as in molecular and cell biology. The consideration of fractal structure in understanding metabolic functions and pathological changes is a particularly promising avenue for future research.

Optical Properties of Highly Transparent Solids

Optical Properties of Highly Transparent Solids PDF Author: Bernard Bendow
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468421786
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 538

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Book Description
Although much work has been performed on measure ments and interpretation of light absorption by opaque or nearly opaque solids, it is surprising to note that until recently relatively little reliable experimental data, and much less theoretical work was available on the nature of transparent solids. This, in spite of the fact that a vast majority of engineering and device ap plications of a solid depend on its optical transparency. Needless to say, all solids are both transparent and opa que depending on the spectral region of consideration. The absorption processes that limit the transparency of a solid are either due to lattice vibrations, as in ionic or partially ionic solids, or due to electronic transi tions, both intrinsic and impurity-induced. For most materials, a sufficiently wide spectral window exists be tween these two limits, where the material is transpar ent. In general, the absorption coefficient, in the long wavelength side of, but sufficiently away from, the fun damental absorption edge, is relatively structureless and has an exponential dependence on frequency. Recent evi dence suggests that in the short wavelength side of the one-phonon region, but beyond two- or three-phonon sin gularities, the absorption coefficient of both polar and nonpolar solids is also relatively structureless and de pends exponentially on frequency.