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Regulating Privacy

Regulating Privacy PDF Author: Colin J. Bennett
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 1501722131
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 288

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Book Description
The information revolution has brought with it the technology for easily collecting personal information about individuals, a facility that inherently threatens personal privacy. Colin J. Bennett here examines political responses to the data protection issue in four Western democracies, comparing legislation that the United States, Britain, West Germany, and Sweden forged from the late 1960's to the 1980's to protect citizens from unwanted computer dissemination of personal information. Drawing on an extensive body of interviews and documentary evidence, Bennett considers how the four countries, each with different cultural traditions and institutions, formulated fair information policy. He finds that their computer regulatory laws are based on strikingly similar statutory principles, but that enforcement of these principles varies considerably: the United States relies on citizen initiative and judicial enforcement; Britain uses a registration system; Germany has installed an ombudsman; and Sweden employs a licensing system. Tracing the impact of key social, political, and technological factors on the ways different political systems have controlled the collection and communication of information, Bennett also deepens our understanding of policymaking theory. Regulating Privacy will be welcomed by political sciences—especially those working in comparative public policy, American politics, organization theory, and technology and politics—political economists, information systems analysts, and others concerned with issues of privacy.

Regulating Privacy

Regulating Privacy PDF Author: Colin J. Bennett
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 1501722131
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 288

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Book Description
The information revolution has brought with it the technology for easily collecting personal information about individuals, a facility that inherently threatens personal privacy. Colin J. Bennett here examines political responses to the data protection issue in four Western democracies, comparing legislation that the United States, Britain, West Germany, and Sweden forged from the late 1960's to the 1980's to protect citizens from unwanted computer dissemination of personal information. Drawing on an extensive body of interviews and documentary evidence, Bennett considers how the four countries, each with different cultural traditions and institutions, formulated fair information policy. He finds that their computer regulatory laws are based on strikingly similar statutory principles, but that enforcement of these principles varies considerably: the United States relies on citizen initiative and judicial enforcement; Britain uses a registration system; Germany has installed an ombudsman; and Sweden employs a licensing system. Tracing the impact of key social, political, and technological factors on the ways different political systems have controlled the collection and communication of information, Bennett also deepens our understanding of policymaking theory. Regulating Privacy will be welcomed by political sciences—especially those working in comparative public policy, American politics, organization theory, and technology and politics—political economists, information systems analysts, and others concerned with issues of privacy.

Regulating the Cloud

Regulating the Cloud PDF Author: Christopher S. Yoo
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262029405
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 328

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Book Description
The emergence of the cloud as infrastructure: experts from a range of disciplines consider policy issues including reliability, privacy, consumer protection, national security, and copyright.

Personal Information and Privacy

Personal Information and Privacy PDF Author: Kentucky. Interim Study Commission on Computer-Stored Information and Personal Privacy
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 267

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Book Description


Digital Places

Digital Places PDF Author: Michael Curry
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134792379
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 208

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Book Description
By offering an understanding of Geographic Information Systems within the social, economic, legal, political and ethical contexts within which they exist, the author shows that there are substantial limits to their ability to represent the very objects and relationships, people and places, that many believe to be most important. Focusing on the ramifications of GIS usage, Digital Places shows that they are associated with far-reaching changes in the institutions in which they exist, and in the lives of those they touch. In the end they call for a complete rethinking of basic ideas, like privacy and intellectual property and the nature of scientific practice, that have underpinned public life for the last one hundred years.

The U.S. Supreme Court and Contemporary Constitutional Law: The Obama Era and Its Legacy

The U.S. Supreme Court and Contemporary Constitutional Law: The Obama Era and Its Legacy PDF Author: Anna-Bettina Kaiser
Publisher: Nomos Verlag
ISBN: 384528949X
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 312

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Book Description
Der Oberste Gerichtshof der USA hat gerade während der Regierungszeit Barack Obamas das amerikanische Verfassungsrecht durch mehrere wegweisende Urteile neu geprägt. Der vorliegende Band vereint Beiträge renommierter Verfassungsrechtler aus den USA und Europa, die die Entwicklungen während der Obama-Regierung und ihre anhaltende Bedeutung rekonstruieren, analysieren und erklären.

Enforcing Privacy

Enforcing Privacy PDF Author: David Wright
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319250477
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 506

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Book Description
This book is about enforcing privacy and data protection. It demonstrates different approaches – regulatory, legal and technological – to enforcing privacy. If regulators do not enforce laws or regulations or codes or do not have the resources, political support or wherewithal to enforce them, they effectively eviscerate and make meaningless such laws or regulations or codes, no matter how laudable or well-intentioned. In some cases, however, the mere existence of such laws or regulations, combined with a credible threat to invoke them, is sufficient for regulatory purposes. But the threat has to be credible. As some of the authors in this book make clear – it is a theme that runs throughout this book – “carrots” and “soft law” need to be backed up by “sticks” and “hard law”. The authors of this book view privacy enforcement as an activity that goes beyond regulatory enforcement, however. In some sense, enforcing privacy is a task that befalls to all of us. Privacy advocates and members of the public can play an important role in combatting the continuing intrusions upon privacy by governments, intelligence agencies and big companies. Contributors to this book - including regulators, privacy advocates, academics, SMEs, a Member of the European Parliament, lawyers and a technology researcher – share their views in the one and only book on Enforcing Privacy.

Consumer Health Informatics

Consumer Health Informatics PDF Author: Catherine Arnott Smith
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0429808895
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 250

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Book Description
"An engaging introduction to an exciting multidisciplinary field where positive impact depends less on technology than on understanding and responding to human motivations, specific information needs, and life constraints." -- Betsy L. Humphreys, former Deputy Director, National Library of Medicine This is a book for people who want to design or promote information technology that helps people be more active and informed participants in their healthcare. Topics include patient portals, wearable devices, apps, websites, smart homes, and online communities focused on health. Consumer Healthcare Informatics: Enabling Digital Health for Everyone educates readers in the core concepts of consumer health informatics: participatory healthcare; health and e-health literacy; user-centered design; information retrieval and trusted information resources; and the ethical dimensions of health information and communication technologies. It presents the current state of knowledge and recent developments in the field of consumer health informatics. The discussions address tailoring information to key user groups, including patients, consumers, caregivers, parents, children and young adults, and older adults. For example, apps are considered as not just a rich consumer technology with the promise of empowered personal data management and connectedness to community and healthcare providers, but also a domain rife with concerns for effectiveness, privacy, and security, requiring both designer and user to engage in critical thinking around their choices. This book’s unique contribution to the field is its focus on the consumer and patient in the context of their everyday life outside the clinical setting. Discussion of tools and technologies is grounded in this perspective and in a context of real-world use and its implications for design. There is an emphasis on empowerment through participatory and people-centered care.

Protectors of Privacy

Protectors of Privacy PDF Author: Abraham L. Newman
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 1501729217
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 240

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Book Description
From credit-card purchases to electronic fingerprints, the amount of personal data available to government and business is growing exponentially. All industrial societies face the problem of how to regulate this vast world of information, but their governments have chosen distinctly different solutions. In Protectors of Privacy, Abraham L. Newman details how and why, in contrast to the United States, the nations of the European Union adopted comprehensive data privacy for both the public and the private sectors, enforceable by independent regulatory agencies known as data privacy authorities. Despite U.S. prominence in data technology, Newman shows, the strict privacy rules of the European Union have been adopted far more broadly across the globe than the self-regulatory approach championed by the United States. This rift has led to a series of trade and security disputes between the United States and the European Union. Based on many interviews with politicians, civil servants, and representatives from business and NGOs, and supplemented with archival sources, statistical analysis, and examples, Protectors of Privacy delineates the two principal types of privacy regimes-comprehensive and limited. The book presents a theory of regulatory development that highlights the role of transgovernmental networks not only in implementing rules but also in actively shaping the political process surrounding policymaking. More broadly, Newman explains how Europe's institutional revolution has created in certain sectors the regulatory capacity that allows it to challenge U.S. dominance in international economic governance.

Health Data Privacy under the GDPR

Health Data Privacy under the GDPR PDF Author: Maria Tzanou
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429663846
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 166

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Book Description
The growth of data-collecting goods and services, such as ehealth and mhealth apps, smart watches, mobile fitness and dieting apps, electronic skin and ingestible tech, combined with recent technological developments such as increased capacity of data storage, artificial intelligence and smart algorithms, has spawned a big data revolution that has reshaped how we understand and approach health data. Recently the COVID-19 pandemic has foregrounded a variety of data privacy issues. The collection, storage, sharing and analysis of health- related data raises major legal and ethical questions relating to privacy, data protection, profiling, discrimination, surveillance, personal autonomy and dignity. This book examines health privacy questions in light of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and the general data privacy legal framework of the European Union (EU). The GDPR is a complex and evolving body of law that aims to deal with several technological and societal health data privacy problems, while safeguarding public health interests and addressing its internal gaps and uncertainties. The book answers a diverse range of questions including: What role can the GDPR play in regulating health surveillance and big (health) data analytics? Can it catch up with internet-age developments? Are the solutions to the challenges posed by big health data to be found in the law? Does the GDPR provide adequate tools and mechanisms to ensure public health objectives and the effective protection of privacy? How does the GDPR deal with data that concern children’s health and academic research? By analysing a number of diverse questions concerning big health data under the GDPR from various perspectives, this book will appeal to those interested in privacy, data protection, big data, health sciences, information technology, the GDPR, EU and human rights law.

The Regulation of Privacy and Data Protection in the Use of Electronic Health Information

The Regulation of Privacy and Data Protection in the Use of Electronic Health Information PDF Author:
Publisher: Pan American Health Org
ISBN: 9275123853
Category : Computer security
Languages : en
Pages : 217

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Book Description
This book looks at the fundamental concepts related to the technical and legal aspects of data protection and summarize the scope and degree of implementation of pertinent regulation in fifty-one countries. Even though the emphasis of the book is on data protection and privacy issues as they relate to person identifiable electronic databases, data privacy regulation and legislation being implemented in many countries will likely apply to all data, regardless whether they are collected offline or online.