New Technologies and EU Law

New Technologies and EU Law PDF Author: Marise Cremona
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019880721X
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 272

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Book Description
What is the nature of the relationship between the fields of new technology and EU law? What challenges do new technologies pose for the internal market and the fundamental principles of the EU? The first part of the collection explores the EU's approach to the regulation of scientific and technological risk, and the link between the regulation of technology and the internal market. In detail, the chapters analyse the interaction between EU law, bioethics and medical and health technologies. The second part of the collection enhances on this, and the chapters scrutinize specific policy areas in order to explain the alternate ways in which EU policy and technology cooperate.

European Law and New Health Technologies

European Law and New Health Technologies PDF Author: Mark L Flear
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199659214
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 442

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Book Description
New health technologies promise great things but they also pose significant challenges for governments, particularly around safety concerns, effectiveness, and value for money. This collection analyses the defining features of the relationship between EU law and new technologies, and the roles of risk, rights, ethics, and markets.

EU Regulation of GMOs

EU Regulation of GMOs PDF Author: Maria Lee
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 184844396X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 274

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Book Description
Lee s book is a valuable addition to the literature for those wishing to broaden their understanding of the range of legal disciplines involved in GMO regulation. Tracey Epps, European Review of Agricultural Economics Maria Lee s work is a successful attempt to illustrate the big legal issues behind the regulation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). This study, which is thorough and well documented, is particularly welcomed in view of the need for a dialogue between different legal specialisms for which GMOs are a relevant area of research. . . [The] book provides a very interesting and insightful examination of the legal problems raised by GMOs. I would warmly recommend its reading to academics and practitioners who are interested in European risk regulation law, environmental law, biotechnology and trade law. Sara Poli, European Law Review Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are an extraordinary innovation. They raise great expectations of economic prosperity and improved capacity to address pressing problems of poverty and environmental degradation, whilst simultaneously raising great concerns about the type of social and physical world they promise. Finding space in regulation to consider the full range of issues provoked by GMOs is a huge challenge. This book explores the EU s elaborate regulatory framework for GMOs, which extends far beyond the process of their authorisation (or not) for the EU market, embracing disparate legal disciplines including intellectual property, consumer protection and civil liability. The regulation of GMOs also highlights questions of EU legitimacy in a context of multi-level governance, both internally towards national and local government, and externally in a world where technologies and their regulation have global impacts. This book will be of interest to academics and students in both law and social sciences, as well as practising lawyers and policy makers. It addresses questions that are significant for those involved in environmental or food issues, as well as specialists in GMOs.

Information Technologies and Current EU Law

Information Technologies and Current EU Law PDF Author: Václav Šmejkal
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783946915027
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 194

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Book Description


Risk and EU law

Risk and EU law PDF Author: Hans-W. Micklitz
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1783470941
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 272

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Book Description
Risk and EU Law considers the multiple reasons for the increase in the types and diversity of risks, as well as the potential magnitude of their undesirable effects. The book identifies such reasons as; the openness of liberal societies; market competition; the constant endeavour to innovate; as well as globalization and the impact of new technologies. It also explores topics surrounding the social epistemology of risk observation and management, the role of science in political and judicial decision-making and transnational risk regulation and contractual governance.

The Emergence of Personal Data Protection as a Fundamental Right of the EU

The Emergence of Personal Data Protection as a Fundamental Right of the EU PDF Author: Gloria González Fuster
Publisher: Springer Science & Business
ISBN: 3319050230
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 274

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Book Description
This book explores the coming into being in European Union (EU) law of the fundamental right to personal data protection. Approaching legal evolution through the lens of law as text, it unearths the steps that led to the emergence of this new right. It throws light on the right’s significance, and reveals the intricacies of its relationship with privacy. The right to personal data protection is now officially recognised as an EU fundamental right. As such, it is expected to play a critical role in the future European personal data protection legal landscape, seemingly displacing the right to privacy. This volume is based on the premise that an accurate understanding of the right’s emergence is crucial to ensure its correct interpretation and development. Key questions addressed include: How did the new right surface in EU law? How could the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights claim to render ‘more visible’ an invisible right? And how did EU law allow for the creation of a new right while ensuring consistency with existing legal instruments and case law? The book first investigates the roots of personal data protection, studying the redefinition of privacy in the United States in the 1960s, as well as pioneering developments in European countries and in international organisations. It then analyses the EU’s involvement since the 1970s up to the introduction of legislative proposals in 2012. It grants particular attention to changes triggered in law by language and, specifically, by the coexistence of languages and legal systems that determine meaning in EU law. Embracing simultaneously EU law’s multilingualism and the challenging notion of the untranslatability of words, this work opens up an inspiring way of understanding legal change. This book will appeal to legal scholars, policy makers, legal practitioners, privacy and personal data protection activists, and philosophers of law, as well as, more generally, anyone interested in how law works.

New Technology, Big Data and the Law

New Technology, Big Data and the Law PDF Author: Marcelo Corrales
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811050384
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 330

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Book Description
This edited collection brings together a series of interdisciplinary contributions in the field of Information Technology Law. The topics addressed in this book cover a wide range of theoretical and practical legal issues that have been created by cutting-edge Internet technologies, primarily Big Data, the Internet of Things, and Cloud computing. Consideration is also given to more recent technological breakthroughs that are now used to assist, and — at times — substitute for, human work, such as automation, robots, sensors, and algorithms. The chapters presented in this edition address these issues from the perspective of different legal backgrounds. The first part of the book discusses some of the shortcomings that have prompted legislators to carry out reforms with regard to privacy, data protection, and data security. Notably, some of the complexities and salient points with regard to the new European General Data Protection Regulation (EU GDPR) and the new amendments to the Japan’s Personal Information Protection Act (PIPA) have been scrutinized. The second part looks at the vital role of Internet intermediaries (or brokers) for the proper functioning of the globalized electronic market and innovation technologies in general. The third part examines an electronic approach to evidence with an evaluation of how these technologies affect civil and criminal investigations. The authors also explore issues that have emerged in e-commerce, such as Bitcoin and its blockchain network effects. The book aims to explain, systemize and solve some of the lingering legal questions created by the disruptive technological change that characterizes the early twenty-first century.

The Ethical Spirit of EU Law

The Ethical Spirit of EU Law PDF Author: Markus Frischhut
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030105822
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 157

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Book Description
This open access book seeks to identify the ethical spirit of European Union (EU) law, a context in which we can observe a trend towards increasing references to the terms ‘ethics’ and ‘morality’. This aspect is all the more important because EU law is now affecting more and more areas of national law, including such sensitive ones as the patentability of human life. Especially when unethical behaviour produces legal consequences, the frequent lack of clearly defined concepts remains a challenge, particularly against the background of the principle of legal certainty. This raises the question to which extent the content of these references is determined and whether it is possible to identify an ethical spirit of EU law. Answering that question, in turn, entails addressing the following questions: In references to ethics concerning EU law, can we identify references to a particular theory of practical philosophy at all; and, if so, to one or more normative ethical theories (deontology, consequentialism, or virtue ethics)? Further, should these non-legal concepts be imported in an unaltered way (“absolute approach”), or be adapted to the legal context (“relative approach”)? This book explores the different layers of EU law (primary law, agreements, secondary law, and tertiary law), including the role of ethics in EU lawmaking and in EU case law, as well as the implementation of relevant EU directives in selected Member States. In addition to the above-mentioned normative philosophical lens, the book also analyzes the findings from the legal lens of EU integration, i.e., especially EU values, human rights and the cornerstone of human dignity.

Cyber Security, Privacy and Data Protection in EU Law

Cyber Security, Privacy and Data Protection in EU Law PDF Author: Maria Grazia Porcedda
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781509939411
Category : Data protection
Languages : en
Pages : 240

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Book Description
"Is it possible to achieve cyber security while safeguarding the fundamental rights to privacy and data protection? Addressing this question is crucial for European democratic societies, where information technologies have taken centre stage in all areas of communal life. This timely book answers the question with a comprehensive approach that combines legal, policy and technological perspectives to capture the essence of the relationship between cyber security, privacy and data protection in EU law. The book identifies tensions inherent in the EU cyber security policy and its implementation, the reach of cyberspace and its security, the meaning of 'data', as well as the value of privacy and data protection. The book's novel analysis looks at the interplay between the design of the technology implementing the applicable law, such as the GDPR and the NIS Directive, and the layered configuration of fundamental rights in EU law. This original analysis outlines the possible combinations of the relationship between cyber security, privacy and data protection in EU law, from outright clash to complementarity. An essential read for scholars and practitioners of IT law alike, the book demonstrates that reconciliation between cyber security, privacy and data protection relies on explicit and brave political choices, which require deciding what needs to be protected, and how."--

Biotechnology Regulation and GMOs

Biotechnology Regulation and GMOs PDF Author: Naveen Thayyil
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1783473886
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 288

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Book Description
This thoughtful book explores how EU law treats serious disagreements about the development and use of a radically new technology like genetic modification. Relevant EU laws are examined to analyse the room available, or possible, for public participat