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Health Data Pools Under European Data Protection and Competition Law

Health Data Pools Under European Data Protection and Competition Law PDF Author: Giulia Schneider
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030954277
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description

Health Data Pools Under European Data Protection and Competition Law

Health Data Pools Under European Data Protection and Competition Law PDF Author: Giulia Schneider
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030954277
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description


Regulating Industrial Internet Through IPR, Data Protection and Competition Law

Regulating Industrial Internet Through IPR, Data Protection and Competition Law PDF Author: Rosa Maria Ballardini
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 9403503416
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 512

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Book Description
The digitization of industrial processes has suddenly taken a great leap forward, with burgeoning applications in manufacturing, transportation and numerous other areas. Many stakeholders, however, are uncertain about the opportunities and risks associated with it and what it really means for businesses and national economies. Clarity of legal rules is now a pressing necessity. This book, the first to deal with legal questions related to Industrial Internet, follows a multidisciplinary approach that is instructed by law concerning intellectual property, data protection, competition, contracts and licensing, focusing on business, technology and policy-driven issues. Experts in various relevant fields of science and industry measure the legal tensions created by Industrial Internet in our global economy and propose solutions that are both theoretically valuable and concretely practical, identifying workable business models and practices based on both technical and legal knowledge. Perspectives include the following: regulating Industrial Internet via intellectual property rights (IPR); data ownership versus control over data; artificial intelligence and IPR infringement; patent owning in Industrial Internet; abuse of dominance in Industrial Internet platforms; data collaboration, pooling and hoarding; legal implications of granular versioning technologies; and misuse of information for anticompetitive purposes. The book represents a record of a major collaborative project, held between 2016 and 2019 in Finland, involving a number of universities, technology firms and law firms. As Industrial Internet technologies are already being used in several businesses, it is of paramount importance for the global economy that legal, business and policy-related challenges are promptly analyzed and discussed. This crucially important book not only reveals the legal and policy-related issues that we soon will have to deal with but also facilitates the creation of legislation and policies that promote Industrial-Internet-related technologies and new business opportunities. It will be warmly welcomed by practitioners, patent and other IPR attorneys, innovation economists and companies operating in the Industrial Internet ecosystem, as well as by competition authorities and other policymakers.

Imposing Data Sharing among Private Actors

Imposing Data Sharing among Private Actors PDF Author: Thomas Tombal
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 9403541652
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 488

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Book Description
Information Law Series #48 About this book: Imposing Data Sharing among Private Actors is a vital book shedding light on the nature of certain economic and societal balancing exercises required for any compulsory business-to-business (B2B) data-sharing initiatives because data sharing involves both benefits and potential costs. While the economic value originating from data sharing seems evident, identifying the legal framework to be applied to it is a challenge. This is due to the multiple claims and rights aimed at controlling, accessing or benefiting from data processing. What’s in this book: Whether these initiatives pursue economic, societal or empowerment objectives, their potential benefits must be balanced with the following three considerations that are extensively investigated in the book: the economic interests of the data holder; personal data protection considerations; and long-term and collective costs in terms of individual autonomy. The analysis elucidates how these aspects have been factored into existing compulsory B2B data-sharing initiatives so far (particularly in Europe), and on how they may be used as a source of inspiration in future initiatives. Insightful suggestions on the implementation of these balancing exercises conclude the volume. How this will help you: Based on law and literature in competition, personal data protection and intellectual property, the book greatly highlights the necessary balances underlying compulsory B2B data sharing and raises awareness about the crucial need to take the risks involved into consideration. It will be highly appreciated by policymakers, academics and private actors interested in issues linked to competition law in the digital environment, regulation of platforms, data governance or the interaction between competition law and personal data protection law.

Ethical Issues in Covert, Security and Surveillance Research

Ethical Issues in Covert, Security and Surveillance Research PDF Author: Ron Iphofen
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1802624139
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 240

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Book Description
The ebook edition of this title is Open Access and freely available to read online. Ethical Issues in Covert, Security and Surveillance Research showcases that it is only when the integrity of research is carefully pursued can users of the evidence produced be assured of its value and its ethical credentials.

World Development Report 2021

World Development Report 2021 PDF Author: World Bank
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464816018
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 346

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Book Description
Today’s unprecedented growth of data and their ubiquity in our lives are signs that the data revolution is transforming the world. And yet much of the value of data remains untapped. Data collected for one purpose have the potential to generate economic and social value in applications far beyond those originally anticipated. But many barriers stand in the way, ranging from misaligned incentives and incompatible data systems to a fundamental lack of trust. World Development Report 2021: Data for Better Lives explores the tremendous potential of the changing data landscape to improve the lives of poor people, while also acknowledging its potential to open back doors that can harm individuals, businesses, and societies. To address this tension between the helpful and harmful potential of data, this Report calls for a new social contract that enables the use and reuse of data to create economic and social value, ensures equitable access to that value, and fosters trust that data will not be misused in harmful ways. This Report begins by assessing how better use and reuse of data can enhance the design of public policies, programs, and service delivery, as well as improve market efficiency and job creation through private sector growth. Because better data governance is key to realizing this value, the Report then looks at how infrastructure policy, data regulation, economic policies, and institutional capabilities enable the sharing of data for their economic and social benefits, while safeguarding against harmful outcomes. The Report concludes by pulling together the pieces and offering an aspirational vision of an integrated national data system that would deliver on the promise of producing high-quality data and making them accessible in a way that promotes their safe use and reuse. By examining these opportunities and challenges, the Report shows how data can benefit the lives of all people, particularly poor people in low- and middle-income countries. .

AI, Data and Private Law

AI, Data and Private Law PDF Author: Gary Chan Kok Yew
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509946845
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 368

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Book Description
This book examines the interconnections between artificial intelligence, data governance and private law rules with a comparative focus on selected jurisdictions in the Asia-Pacific region. The chapters discuss the myriad challenges of translating and adapting theory, doctrines and concepts to practice in the Asia-Pacific region given their differing circumstances, challenges and national interests. The contributors are legal experts from the UK, Israel, Korea, and Singapore with extensive academic and practical experience. The essays in this collection cover a wide range of topics, including data protection and governance, data trusts, information fiduciaries, medical AI, the regulation of autonomous vehicles, the use of blockchain technology in land administration, the regulation of digital assets and contract formation issues arising from AI applications. The book will be of interest to members of the judiciary, policy makers and academics who specialise in AI, data governance and/or private law or who work at the intersection of these three areas, as well as legal technologists and practising lawyers in the Asia-Pacific, the UK and the US.

Intellectual Property Law and the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Intellectual Property Law and the Fourth Industrial Revolution PDF Author: Christopher Heath
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 9403522135
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 296

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Book Description
The convergence of various fields of technology is changing the fabric of society. Big data and data mining, Internet of Things, artificial intelligence and blockchains are already affecting business models and leading to a social and economic transformations that have been dubbed by the fourth industrial revolution. Focusing on the framework of intellectual property rights, the contributions to this book analyse how the technical background of this massive transformation affects intellectual property law and policy and how intellectual property is likely to change in order to serve the society. Well-known authorities in intellectual property law offer in-depth chapters on the roles in this revolution of such concepts and actualities as the following: power and role of data as the raw material of the revolution; artificial inventors and creators; trade marks in the dimension of avatars and fictional game characters; concept of inventive step change where the person skilled in the art is virtual; data rights versus intellectual property rights; transparency in the context of big data; interrelations of data, technology transfer and antitrust; self-executable and ‘smart’ contracts; redefining the balance among exclusive rights, development, technology transfer and contracts; and proprietary information versus the public domain. The chapters also provide complete analyses of how big data changes decision-making processes, how sustainable development requires redefinition, how technology transfer is re-emerging as technology diffusion and how the role of contracts and blockchain as instruments of monitoring and enforcement are being defined. Offering the first in-depth legal commentary and analysis of this highly topical issue, the book approaches the fourth industrial revolution from the perspectives of technical background, society and law. Its authoritative analysis of how the data-driven economy influences innovation and technology transfer is without peer. It will be welcomed by practicing lawyers in intellectual property rights and competition law, as well as by academics, think tanks and policymakers.

Pharmaceutical Innovation, Competition and Patent Law

Pharmaceutical Innovation, Competition and Patent Law PDF Author: Josef Drexl
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 0857932462
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 352

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Book Description
Public health, safety and access to reasonably priced medicine are common policy goals of pharmaceutical regulations. As both the context for innovation and competitive structure change, industry actors dynamically challenge the balance between the incentive for protection and the achievement of those policy goals. Considering the arguments from the perspectives of innovation, competition law and patent law, this book explores the difficult question of balancing protection with access, highlighting the difficulties in harmonization and coordination. The contributors to this book, including academics, judges and practitioners from Europe, the US and Japan, explore to what extent patent strategies and life-cycle management practices take advantage of patent laws and health-care regulation and disrupt the necessary balance between incentives for innovation and access to affordable medicine and health care. Addressing fundamental questions in the field of pharmaceutical innovation, this book will appeal to scholars and practitioners in intellectual property, competition law and life sciences regulation, as well as pharmaceutical companies and regulators.

New Economy - New Competition

New Economy - New Competition PDF Author: D. Asch
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230508006
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 158

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Book Description
The new economy has given rise to new forms of competition. This book provides a rich mix of theory, evidence and management practice that will be invaluable to directors and managers who want to bring their companies closer to their customers. The author considers competition, the roles of consumers, and legislative and regulatory authorities. The book concludes by considering the impact of the revolution in information and communication technologies and shows how a number of key companies have adapted their strategies to meet the demands of their increasingly informed and empowered consumers.

Research Handbook on Intellectual Property and the Life Sciences

Research Handbook on Intellectual Property and the Life Sciences PDF Author: Duncan Matthews
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1783479450
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 528

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Book Description
Intellectual property (IP) is a key component of the life sciences, one of the most dynamic and innovative fields of technology today. At the same time, the relationship between IP and the life sciences raises new public policy dilemmas. The Research Handbook on Intellectual Property and the Life Sciences comprises contributions by leading experts from academia and industry to provide in-depth analyses of key topics including pharmaceuticals, diagnostics and genes, plant innovations, stem cells, the role of competition law and access to medicines. The Research Handbook focuses on the relationship between IP and the life sciences in Europe and the United States, complemented by country-specific case studies on Australia, Brazil, China, India, Japan, Kenya, South Africa and Thailand to provide a truly international perspective.